Homo Sapiens vs Neanderthals | The Evolution of Language
How our species came to be and changed history and evolution.
, (Latin: “wise man”) the species to which all modern human beings belong. is one of several species grouped into the genus , but it is the only one that is not extinct.
The name was applied in 1758 by the father of modern biological classification Carolus Linnaeus. It had long been known that human beings physically resemble the primates more closely than any other known living organisms, but at the time it was a daring act to classify human beings within the same framework used for the rest of nature.
Linnaeus, concerned exclusively with similarities in bodily structure, faced only the problem of distinguishing from apes (gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, and gibbons), which differ from humans in numerous bodily as well as cognitive features.